Belgium is one of the Founding Seven Eurovision nations, participating in the first contest in 1956. The selection of their entries alternates each year between the Flemish broadcaster VRT (formerly BRT) and the Wallonian broadcaster RTBF.
They have been absent only three times due to relegation, and in 1962 was the very first country to fall victim to the ever-dreaded Nul Points - shared with three other countries but was the first due to an earlier draw in the running order. They also won once in 1986 thanks to Sandra Kim and hosted the contest in Brussels the following year. The country holds a record for the youngest winner, as Sandra Kim was 13 at the time of the contest, and as of 1990, all people on the stage (including dancers) have to be at least 16 years of age.
Their 1993 entrant, Barbara Dex, inspired the website "eurovisionhouse.nl" to introduce the Barbara Dex Award, where fans vote for the worst-dressed performer at the contest, after wearing an unattractive handmade dress.
Since the introduction of the semi-finals, Belgium has only been able to make the final five times: 2004 (thanks to Urban Trad's second-place finish in Riga), 2010, 2013, 2015 and 2016.
Loïc Nottet's 4th-place entry in 2015 scored 217 points, the highest total of any Belgian entry in the country's contest history.